CLEAN HANDS - A Recipe for Health | October 2018
Global Handwashing Day is a global advocacy day dedicated to increasing awareness and understanding about the importance of handwashing with soap as an effective and affordable way to prevent diseases and save lives. It is an opportunity to design, test, and replicate creative ways to encourage people to wash their hands with soap at critical times. In 2018, the Global Handwashing Day theme is ‘Clean hands - A recipe for health’. The theme focuses on the links between handwashing and food, including food hygiene and nutrition. Handwashing is an important part of keeping food safe, preventing diseases, and helping children grow strong.
Handwashing and Food Hygiene - Handwashing with soap is an important part of food hygiene, a set of hygienic practices that keep food safe and prevent food-related illnesses. Other important aspects of food hygiene include: keeping utensils and dishes clean, properly storing and reheating food, boiling water and milk where needed, and thoroughly cooking food. Up to 70 percent of cases of diarrhea may be associated with poor food hygiene. Food-borne illnesses are a major cause of death in low income settings, particularly among children under 5. Contamination of food can lead to a wide range of illnesses and outbreaks, many of which are particularly dangerous for pregnant women, fetuses, and people with compromised immune systems. Hygiene promotion activities have shown improved food hygiene behaviors and reduced contamination in food.One study with mothers in Nepal showed that food hygiene behavior change, including improved handwashing, is feasible through a behavior-centered intervention process. Critical food-related times for handwashing with soap include: before cooking or preparing food, before eating, and before feeding someone (including breastfeeding). Caregivers should wash their own hands at all critical times, and model or enforce good handwashing behavior for children. Caregivers include parents, siblings, other relatives, school or daycare professionals, and others. Research indicates that existing routines can be modified to help form new habits. For example, a meal can serve as a ‘trigger’ moment for handwashing. Habitual handwashing is more likely when handwashing facilities are established, and time is set aside for handwashing before eating, to help develop a group norm.
Handwashing and Nutrition - Hygiene is important for improving nutrition but is not a stand-alone solution. Improving handwashing with soap is considered a nutrition-sensitive intervention. Handwashing prevents diarrheal diseases, which not only contribute to the deaths of many children under five but limit the body’s ability to absorb nutrition from food. The negative effects of undernutrition during the first 1,000 days on physical growth, immune system and brain development may be irreversible. Promotion of handwashing with soap is estimated to reduce diarrheal diseases by between 27% and 48%. Handwashing with soap and the use of clean drinking water could reduce the loss of nutrients through diarrhea and reduce stunting in children under 5 by up to 15%. The contamination of food items with fecal matter is a known cause of chronic environmental enteric dysfunction (EED), also called environmental enteropathy. EED reduces the intestines’ capacity to absorb nutrients. There is research suggesting that a body experiencing EED cannot absorb nutrients because it is too busy fighting off diseases. Children with diarrhea not only eat less but are less able to absorb nutrients from food. This makes future diarrhea more likely, since undernourished children are more likely to develop diarrhea. Poor hygiene is also linked to wasting and severe acute malnutrition. Handwashing at critical times can reduce the likelihood of wasting and is particularly important in the first months of life. However, handwashing without improvement in other water, sanitation, hygiene (WASH) and socio-economic factors is unlikely to be sufficient to protect against acute malnutrition. A randomized control study in Chad showed that providing a basic WASH package was effective in improving recovery rates from severe acute malnutrition, including the duration of time it took to recover and the amount of weight children regained. Evidence does not consistently show additional benefit to the integration of WASH with nutrition, and more research is needed to understand how hygiene promotion relates to nutrition outcomes. Two major studies published in 2018 showed no additional benefit to the integration of WASH with nutrition, compared with nutrition alone. Despite these results, the biological pathways that link WASH to nutrition remain plausible and handwashing with soap is likely to remain an important part of future interventions.
What You Can Do - Handwashing has multiple benefits for food hygiene, nutrition, and overall health and well-being. On Global Handwashing Day and every day, here are some ways you can help everyone enjoy the benefits of handwashing with soap:
• Wash your hands with soap at critical times, especially before eating, cooking, or feeding others.
• Model good handwashing behavior and remind or help others to always wash their hands before eating.
• Make handwashing a routine part of your family meals.
• Establish places to wash your hands in the household, in your community, in schools, workplaces, and in health facilities.
• Promote effective handwashing behavior change in research, policy, programs, and advocacy.
Sources: https://globalhandwashing.org/resources/global-handwashing-day-2018-fact-sheet/; Lather Up. Credit: www.shutterstock.com
RABIES: SHARE THE MESSAGE, SAVE A LIFE | September 2018
World Rabies Day is the first and only global day of action and awareness for rabies prevention. It is an opportunity to unite as a community and for individuals, NGOs and governments to connect and share their work.
Created and coordinated annually by GARC, World Rabies Day, September 28th, focuses on rabies endemic countries, to increase community awareness of the disease and its prevention. World Rabies Day also raises the profile of national and local control programs and acts as a springboard for year-round capacity building and awareness.
World Rabies Day is a great annual opportunity to increase awareness by holding an event, getting the media interested in your work and connecting with the wider rabies prevention community.
The World Rabies Day 2018 theme is Rabies: Share the message. Save a life. This highlights the importance of education and awareness to prevent rabies. You can use this at many levels to share different messages, from the policy-level message to governments to commit to the 2030 deadline, to community-level messages about vaccinating dogs and treating bite wounds, and dog bite prevention education for school children.
Sources: https://rabiesalliance.org/world-rabies-day; http://www.dilg.gov.ph/events/World-Rabies-Day/615
AUGUST IS NATIONAL LUNG MONTH! | August 2018
The month of August was declared as National Lung Month in the Philippines through the Presidential Proclamation No. 1761 signed by former President Ferdinand Marcos on July 24, 1978.
Our lungs are indeed very important and it is susceptible to many diseases. Luckily for us, these illnesses and ailments are quite easy to avoid! We just need to adopt a healthy lifestyle.
In celebration of National Lung Month, first and foremost, we are encouraging everyone to update your vaccination against the dreaded disease of pneumonia (pulmonya) most escpecially among children and our senior citizens family members.
REMEMBER: An ounce of prevention is better than a pound of cure.
LET'S CELEBRATE THE NATIONAL NUTRITION MONTH THIS JULY! | July 2018
UGALIING MAGTANIM, SAPAT NA NUTRISYON AANIHIN
Nutrition Month is an annual campaign held every July to create greater awareness on the importance of nutrition among Filipinos. Presidential Decree 491 (1974) mandates the National Nutrition Council (NNC) to lead and coordinate the nationwide campaign. Throughout the years, the Nutrition Month celebration has been institutionalized by schools and local government units as well as other stakeholders. This year is the 43rd Nutrition Month celebration.
This year’s theme is "Ugaliing magtanim, Sapat na nutisyon aanihin!"
This theme focuses on food production at home through the family's own garden. This is the food planted at home (inside our outside your home), in your little backyard or farm.
Common characteristics of food garden are:
A. Located at home.
B. Has different varieties of plants.
C. Serves as supplemental rather than a main source of family's food consumption or income.
D. Mostly small areas.
E. Very easy to start.
The Nutrition Month Theme 2018 aims to improve the healthy food consumption of Filipinos, food security or to be self-sufficient as possible with backyard gardening.
Having food gardens can help improve the family as well as the community's food security. If you have plenty of vegetables or fruit crops, you can even sell some of them to earn additional income for the family.
Remember this year's Nutrition Month central theme surrounds on the idea of family food gardening.
SCHEDULE YOUR FLU VACCINATION THIS RAINY SEASON! CALL OUR HOTLINE NUMBER AT 351.8888 | June 2018
WHAT IS INFLUENZA OR FLU (TRANGKASO)?
Influenza (also known as the flu) is a contagious respiratory illness caused by flu viruses. It can cause mild to severe illness, and at times can lead to death. The flu is different from a cold. The flu usually comes on suddenly. People who have the flu often feel some or all of these symptoms:
• Fever* or feeling feverish/chills
• Sore throat
• Runny or stuffy nose
• Muscle or body aches
• Fatigue (tiredness)
• Some people may have vomiting and diarrhea, though this is more common in children than adults.
* It's important to note that not everyone with flu will have a fever.
Most people who get influenza will recover in several days to less than two weeks, but some people will develop complications as a result of the flu. A wide range of complications can be caused by influenza virus infection of the upper respiratory tract (nasal passages, throat) and lower respiratory tract (lungs). While anyone can get sick with flu and become severely ill, some people are more likely to experience severe flu illness. Young children, adults aged 65 years and older, pregnant women, and people with certain chronic medical conditions are among those groups of people who are at high risk of serious flu complications, possibly requiring hospitalization and sometimes resulting in death. For example, people with chronic lung disease are at higher risk of developing severe pneumonia.
MAY IS CERVICAL CANCER CONSCIOUSNESS MONTH | May 2018
SOURCES: DILG (http://www.dilg.gov.ph/events/Cervical-Cancer-Prevention-Awareness-Month/663) & Philippine Cancer Facts and Estimates
The month of May has been declared as Cervical Cancer Prevention Awareness Month in Philippines to build public awareness on cervical cancer.
Cervical cancer is malignant tumor of the cervix uteri or cervical area. Cervical area of the uterus, which usually called “uterine cervix”, is the part of uterus which connects uterine body to the vaginal. Most of cervical cancer start at transformation zone, place where endocervix meet.
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is the common cause of the virus. 99.7% of cervical cancer cases are caused by HPV. Every women is at risk of cervical cancer, married, single and even those who has no experience when in comes to sexual intercourse.
RECOMMENDED COMPOSITION OF FLU SHOT FOR 2018-2019 | April 2018
SOURCE: World Health Organization
CHILDHOOD IMMUNIZATION SCHEDULE 2018 | March 2018
SOURCES: PIDSP (Pediatric Infectious Disease Society of the Philippines),PPS (Philippine Pediatric Society) & PFV (Philippine Foundation for Vaccination)
WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF VACCINES? | February, 2018
SOURCE: PFV (Philippine Foundation for Vaccination)
VACCINATIONS: Not Just For Kids | January, 2018
Did you know more then 50,000 Filipino adults die due to diseases that could be prevented through immunization each year?